Composting 101

Learning to compost is one of the best ways to help your plants and vegetables grow while helping the environment . There are many ways to do this and you can even do this indoors! Here are a few tips on learning to compost and check out this great article from Planet Natural if you would like more advanced tips on composting.

Types of composting:

OUTDOOR

  • Buried
  • Piles/ Heaps
  • On Site Garden Piles
  • Outdoor Digesters

compost outdoors

INDOOR

  • Vermicomposting
  • Bokashi

Vermicomposting

 

What are the important factors of composting?

Making organically rich soil fertilizer from your yard, kitchen and other waste is dependant on one main thing, the microbes responsible for the decomposition of the matter. These single cell organisms, working in large numbers, turn your waste into a great addition to soils. Putting these organisms together with the right matter and conditions will yield many healthy, happy plants. Composting can require different things but oxygen, moisture, the right temperature and compostable materials usually make up the process.

How to get started in composting?

The first thing to do is start! You must first decide what is the best way to compost for you depending on how much room, time and space you have. Once this has been decided you can do a bit of DIY and build your own bins or purchase ready made systems. So getting started in composting can be as expensive or inexpensive as you like! Find some great plans if you are handy or look online if you have more of a budget.

diy compost bin

What do you do with composting when it is done?

Keep in mind that it can take from 3 to 12 months to produce compost. The decomposition process depends on a number of factors including temperature, what organic matter you used, the type of compost bin that was used, how fine the waste material was chopped and how often you turned it. There are numerous benefits of using compost in your garden. It builds good soil structure, soil can retain nutrients/water/air better, it can help protect against drought, a neutral pH can be maintained and it can protect plants from many diseases.

We would love to hear how you go with composting if this is your first time you have tried it. Leave us a comment below telling us how it went.